The unique and discerning method-woodmam

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There are developments and changes in phenomena that occur and fade with the passage of time. This is best observed using the chronological method. Examples include observing the germination process of bean seeds and the asexual reproduction of grass carpets.

  Some of the phenomenal changes produced by the things being observed both occur and disappear at the same time, and observations should take both into account, without losing sight of the other. This approach is often required when observing chemical and physical experiments.

  So, when observing different things, you can start from a different chronological or structural order, and the information obtained will of course be different from the different perspectives of understanding things.

  (6) Holes in the honeycomb - the unique eye method

  A true scientist should first and foremost be a discerning observer. They are often able to observe something different from the familiar and find novel research topics.

  An ordinary honeycomb is often difficult to notice. The attentive French scientist Malarkey, however, had a special interest in honeycombs. Time and again, he examined the honeycomb, studying the shape of each hole, and finally discovered that the angle of the honeycomb, made up of diamond-shaped surfaces, was of equal size. He also found that the average obtuse angle was 109 degrees 28 minutes and the average acute angle was 72 degrees 32 minutes. He noticed what no one else had noticed; he found what no one else had found. This discovery is of great architectural significance.

  Observe carefully and meticulously so that you can see clearly and discern the truth. There are some brilliant scientists who, because of a moment of carelessness, have missed the opportunity to make a major discovery and have regretted it. An example of this is the discovery of the chemical element 'bromine'.

  In 1828, the German chemist Barrière, in an experiment, obtained a brown liquid, very similar to the common iodine chloride. But instead of carelessly setting it aside as a known chloride, he carefully observed and purified the brown liquid, proving that it was not the familiar iodine chloride, but a new and unknown element called bromine. This discovery shook the German chemical world of the time. For this, the famous German chemist Libby felt deep remorse. It turned out that he had obtained the same liquid in his experiments, but had put it aside with a label of iodine chloride without looking at it carefully, and as a result had missed a chance of success. He used to point to the bottle labelled iodine chloride and say to people, "This is a memento of my failure; remember my lesson to observe carefully and study it carefully before drawing conclusions." Later on in his scientific career, he learned the lessons of this failure and achieved many great things.

  Edison once said that genius is one percent inspiration, plus ninety-nine percent perspiration. Inspiration and opportunity arise from the sweat of the brow, and God rewards hard work. To be truly discerning and discerning, one must maintain an objective, critical, perceptive and comprehensive perspective and thinking in one's ordinary observation activities in order to increase the chances of encountering opportunities and not passing by them.

  (7) "Observing the Stars and the Moon" - The Central Unit Method

  Xiao Feng was very interested in the stars and the moon in the sky, but he did not know where to start his observation.

  First, observe the stars and the moon under the night sky to get an initial impression and make some brief notes; then, observe the appearance of the stars and the moon, e.g. when the first star is seen; by what time there are several stars; by what time the sky is full of stars; try to record the shape of the stars and the moon; in this way, the accuracy of the observation increases further as you get to know the object of your observation.

  Over time, Xiao Feng got a lot of pleasure from observing the stars and the moon. Not only did he learn to group the stars in the full sky and find groups of stars with different shape characteristics, but he also gradually mastered the changing patterns of the new moon, full moon, waning moon and so on.

  Xiao Feng also read a lot of books, looked up relevant information and learnt a lot of knowledge related to astronomy and meteorology based on his questions and discoveries during his observations. He felt that his observation skills had gradually improved and that such observations had brought him great surprises.

  In fact, what Feng's father offered him was a very effective way to improve his observation skills - the 'central unit method', which is a series of observations based on a certain object or content, in order to grasp and understand the phenomenon and essence of things completely and accurately.

  The central unit method is all about sticking to the "centre", otherwise you will not get a complete impression and in-depth understanding of things. For example, to observe the process of germination of flower seeds, a series of observation activities can be designed around the centre of how they germinate, such as when do the seeds grow roots? What is the shape and size of the roots? When do the leaves grow? What is the colour of the leaves? How many times a day do they need to be watered, etc.

  (8) Comprehensive and profound - the fixed-point observation method

  The first line of "Qin Yuan Chun - Changsha" describes the autumn scene in the south of China as follows.

  Independently of the cold autumn, the

  The Xiangjiang River goes north.

  The head of Orange Island.

  The mountains are red and the forests are dyed.

  The woods are dyed.

  The river is blue.

  Hundreds of boats are competing.

  The eagle strikes the sky.

  The fish fly in the shallow bottom.

  The frosty skies of all kinds compete for freedom.

  --In the late autumn season, the view from the head of Orange Island is wide and open, and the author uses it as a foothold to set the mood for the poem. From this particular observation point, the author makes a series of observations: from a distance - the maples on Mount Yuelu look like a brocade; up close - the Xiangjiang River looks like blue; looking up - the eagle striking its wings in the long space; looking down - the fish swimming in the river with its clear bottom; and 'ten thousand types of frosty sky competing for freedom'. The phrase 'the frosty sky is free' sums up the scene as a whole and contains the author's overall feeling about the scene he has observed.

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