Secondly, treat learning as your own business, do everything you should do in learning independently, seriously and solidly, and solve every problem you encounter in learning.

  The former Czechoslovakian famous analytical chemist, the founder of "polarography", the 1959 Nobel Prize winner in chemistry, Hairovsky, as a child, the seriousness of attitude towards learning, is very admirable.

  One day, when Heilofsky came back from school, he looked sad and was distracted during dinner. When his mother noticed that he was unhappy, she asked him what was wrong. Only then did he look up at everyone, as if he understood a little something, and said, "Nothing, it's just that I got one of the problems assigned by the teacher wrong, and I still haven't figured out what the mistake was." After the meal the family went out for another walk. When they got home, Heilofsky started to think about the wrong problem again. At that time, his sister and brothers were playing a game. After a while, his brother came knocking on the door and invited him to play with him, and he said he had to do the problem first. After a while, his sister came over and invited him to play with her, and he was still working on the problem. The sister said enthusiastically, "You've always been good at math and physics. Why don't I help you make it out so you can play with us." He said, "No, sister. I'm going to do it myself. I think I've found one place where I'm wrong and I'll be done in a minute. I'm not very familiar with this method, and I may have gotten something wrong. But I can do it. It's better if I do it myself." Sure enough, he quickly finished the problem. Then he happily went off to play games with his sisters and brothers.

  Learn to self-evaluate. Self-evaluation is one of the basic steps necessary for every active learner. With proper self-evaluation, you will be able to figure out your own learning status, knowing both your achievements and strengths and your weaknesses and deficiencies. This facilitates both the development of one's strengths and the improvement and enhancement of.

  Doyce was born in 1893, during the economic crisis in the United States, when thousands of workers were unemployed, while engineers and technicians, who were indispensable in many areas, were not seriously affected. Doyce's father, who was an engineer, believed that his children had to grow up to be engineers in order to keep their "iron rice bowls". So when Doisy was in high school, his father disciplined him strictly to learn the stereotypical school curriculum. But Doisy was interested in a wide range of subjects, from biology, chemistry and physics to ethics and philosophy. Instead, he was able to devote his energy to the areas of knowledge he was interested in, while still coping well with the school curriculum. So throughout his high school years, his grades were moderately high. His father thought it was normal and didn't interfere too much with his academic interests.

  But when it came time for him to go to college, his father insisted that he enter an engineering school. When he arrived at the university, the courses were not as easy to cope with as they were in secondary school, and he could barely pass each of his first semester's courses. This surprised the teachers in the college, because Doisy was a student who could not keep his hands off the books, and it was incredible to achieve such results. So the tutor asked him why, and he said, "I'm not interested in any of the courses required by the school, and most of the books I usually read are not required or elective." The mentor was even more curious: "If you don't like engineering, why did you enroll in engineering school?" He said that it was his father's idea. So the mentor reported the situation to the school and promptly got him transferred to the College of Applied Sciences, where he studied biochemistry. And after switching classes, his grades quickly skyrocketed. Eventually, this change of major brought him great success, and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1943.

  It is also important to adjust your learning goals and behavior according to the changing situation. The world is in a constant state of change, and in a changing world, only those who can respond to change in a timely manner will be able to cope with it at all times.

  Mr. Yang Shuzi, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that when he was small, he was good at Chinese literature but not good at mathematics because he received traditional private school education at the beginning. When he started to learn mathematics, he could understand the four operations of addition, subtraction and multiplication, but could not understand division in any way. Later, he meditated on it, and it took him many days before he finally understood the subtleties of division. Since then, he has solved one difficulty after another in science studies through continuous independent thinking, and finally became a famous scientist in China.

  The courage of indomitable. There are many smart people in the world, but relatively few of them are successful. The reason for this is that most people are not less intelligent than others, but do not have the courage to face setbacks again and again.

  Leaning forward is an important expression of active learning. For people in adversity, it is easier to find out whether learning is active or not; but for people in a relatively superior learning situation and situation, it is more difficult to judge the initiative. In fact, for people in a superior learning situation and situation, the initiative in learning can be seen in whether or not they are striving for excellence. Those who are proactive always look for their development and work harder:.

  Lippmann was a famous French physicist who was elected president of the French Academy of Sciences in 1912.

  Once, his parents assigned thirty mathematical problems to young Lippmann. But young Lippmann finished them in less than forty minutes, handed the math problems to his parents, and ran out to play. After checking his homework, his parents brought Lippmann back. His mother pointed to two math problems and said, "Look at this one, what's wrong with it?"

  Little Lippmann took a look at the problems, but no, there were two problems, completely careless, all wrong calculations.

  "A small problem, I'll correct it."

  "Small problem? It's not a small problem to play after you finish a problem without checking it! Don't do that again!" My father said very seriously.

  The strict requirements of his parents in study cultivated a meticulous and serious attitude towards study, which enabled young Lippmann to develop a rigorous attitude in research.

  Treat external help correctly. When we encounter difficulties, we often want to get the assistance of others. So when we fail, looking back, we like to say, "If at that time, so-and-so could have helped me, I would not be in this situation now." There is no denying that many people's successes seem to be due to the help they received from others at some point. However, in life, we often disdain those who "rely on the convenience of the old son to get to the top"? Therefore, the luck of others should not be the reason to excuse ourselves.

  3. Self-assessment

  To check whether you have formed the habit of active learning, you can look at the level of demand, motivation, adaptability, perseverance, will and independence, etc.

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