As soon as class started the next day, she confronted Rangzwan about why she had presented them with a wrong conclusion and described in detail her experiment and its results. After hearing this, Rangzwan smiled appreciatively: "Irun, you are a smart child. With this little lie, I want to tell children - what scientists say is not always right, one can only believe in facts, and rigorous experiments are the most reliable witnesses."

  Interest in exploration is not strengthened or diminished by outside attention or lack thereof. Sometimes "the truth is in the hands of the few". It is easy to "follow the crowd", but it is difficult to "endure the loneliness" and persist in being a minority.

  So far, only one scientist has won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice in his life, and he is Sanger. Sanger is a British scientist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1958 and 1980 respectively. Despite such a "proud" achievement, many people may not expect that Sanger was far from being a "genius" or a "prodigy" in his secondary school days, and his grades were even His grades were even "mediocre" and he was almost rejected for being "mediocre" in the process of getting a job.

  Sanger grew up with a love of biology influenced by his father and older brother. He often went to the field with his brother to collect and make specimens of plants and animals, and read books on biology together. Because he loved biology and devoted most of his energy to it, he had far more knowledge of biology than his peers. However, biology was not tested in school at that time, so his biology did not do much to improve his grades. His academic performance was always "mediocre" and his introverted personality made him rarely attract the attention of his teachers and peers at school. From his childhood, the only award he received at school was the "perfect attendance award", and he never showed any talent.

  He graduated from Cambridge University in 1939, and in 1940 Perutz, the director of the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, England, sought the opinions of authorities and generalists before hiring him to work in the experiments he was leading. Those people had few positive comments about Sanger and did not express much praise. When Peruzzi chose Sanger, many people felt incredulous, thinking that they should not choose such a young man with little influence and qualifications to such a famous laboratory.

  So what exactly did Sanger impress Perutz with? It turns out that Peruzzi was mainly interested in the young man's drive and emancipation, as well as his background in chemistry, which is needed by the Cambridge Molecular Biology Laboratory. Although Sanger is not outstanding, his thinking is very original, and in his master's thesis, he proposed ideas and thoughts that even PhD subjects rarely have.

  The questions explored came from observations of the world around him. They may appear in textbooks, but not every question can be answered from a textbook. More importantly, the more original the observation, the less likely it is that the answer can be found in a textbook, and that's when risk-taking and wholehearted engagement of the mind is required. And it is important to note that the more original the exploration, the more time and patience it will require.

  Insects are not new to most people, but not many people make research-based observations of them. The success of the famous entomologist Faber stemmed from his original research observations of insects.

  Once he was walking along the road and suddenly saw many ants carrying a few dead flies. He felt that this was a good opportunity to observe and study the habits of ants, so he did not care if the ground was clean, lying on the ground and concentrated on observing for four hours, hands and feet are numb, but did not notice.

  On another occasion, some peasant women went to pick grapes in the morning and saw Faber lying on the road, staring at a stone. When they returned in the afternoon, they saw him still lying there. They could not help but exclaim, "Oh my God! It's time for us to pray for him." They couldn't understand how he could look at a stone for a whole day and wondered if he was crazy. In fact, he was observing the insects on the stone.

  It was through such tenacious and persistent observation and exploration that Faber completed his magnum opus, The Book of Insects.

  Some explorations are dangerous. It is important to understand as fully as possible the possible dangers of your actions in order to conduct scientific exploration and to ensure the safety of yourself and those around you.

  Huber was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1981. Unlike this great honor, he also once nearly blew up his yard, creating a not-so-small "terrorist incident.

  Huber 15 years old, he prepared a powder in the basement of his home, in order to experiment, he also came to the relatively open yard, with the powder in a cardboard box on the grass, carefully struck a match, thrown into the box. Which did not expect his hand had not had time to get away from the box a little, the powder exploded. Hubert was completely stunned, his hands and face were like being coated with charcoal. His parents came running out of the house, and he began to explain to them what was going on. Before he could finish his sentence, a siren came from outside the yard. It turned out that the neighbors heard a loud explosion and thought they had been attacked by terrorists and called the police, but it was a false alarm. Huber's parents apologized to the police and neighbors with embarrassment.

  Huber knew that things had gone too far, has been hanging his head, waiting for the parents of a storm of chastisement. And I'm afraid the worst thing for him is not a beating, but the future can no longer do their beloved experiments. Unexpectedly, after sending the crowd away, his parents did not scold him, let alone forbid him to continue doing science experiments, but only told him seriously: "In the future, if you want to do scientific experiments, you must follow the rules of science, and you must never take things for granted, otherwise it will cause more serious consequences than today's situation."

  The tolerance and understanding of his parents made it possible that this incident not only did not cause him irreparable damage, but also taught him the importance of a serious and conscientious scientific spirit.

  Exploration sometimes requires dedication. "If you don't enter a tiger's cave, you won't get a tiger's son", so sometimes exploration requires "knowing that there is a tiger in the mountain, but going to the tiger's mountain". However, there is one thing to emphasize: the need for dedication to exploration is not to encourage ignorance of the dangers of brute force, but also to carry out the necessary protection, to do as much as possible to make careful arrangements, the danger of the existence of too many complex factors and variables, and can not be completely avoided.

  The famous British female anthropologist Gudauer grew up loving biology. After graduating from high school, she became intensely interested in studying chimpanzees. Later she defied the odds and went deep into the tropical forest alone, working in the forest for ten years. It was this love that led her to observe and study the life and behavior of chimpanzees for a long time and in depth, obtaining extremely valuable first-hand information. With this information, she wrote books such as "Close Relatives of Humans" and "My Life Among the Chimpanzees", making valuable contributions to the study of anthropology.

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