Reverse thinking-woodman

The main features are: image; imagination; directness; agility; creativity; describability of thinking results; emotionality, etc.

  (4) Methods

  A Imitation method

  The method of producing something new by taking some imitation prototype as a reference and changing it on this basis. Many inventions are based on the imitation of previous people or nature, such as imitating birds to invent airplanes, imitating fish to invent submarines, and imitating bats to invent radar.

  B. Imagination method

  To put aside the actual situation of something in the mind and form a simplistic and idealized image that deeply reflects the essence of that thing. Direct imagination is the main means of conducting thought experiments, which is widely used in modern scientific research.

  C combination method

  It is a creative technique of combining suitable elements from two or more things or products to form a new thing or a new product. There are four common combination techniques: combination of the same thing, combination of different things, combination of additional subjects, and combination of reorganization.

  D Transplantation method

  The method of transplanting principles, methods, structures, materials, uses, etc. from one field to another to produce something new. There are mainly types of principle transplantation, method transplantation, function transplantation, structure transplantation, etc.

  Reverse thinking

  (1) Concept

  Reverse thinking is a special way of thinking, its thinking orientation is always the opposite of the thinking orientation of ordinary people, such as people abandon me to take, people into my retreat, people move me quiet, people just I soft, etc.. There is no absolute reverse thinking mode in this world, when a recognized reverse thinking mode is mastered and applied by most people, it also becomes a positive thinking mode.

  Reverse thinking does not advocate that people think against the norm, unrestricted thinking, but to train a small probability thinking mode, that is, in thinking activities focus on the small probability of thinking.

  Reverse thinking is an important means of identifying problems, analyzing them and solving them, helping to overcome the limitations of thinking stereotypes, and is an important way of decision-making thinking.

  (2) Characteristics

  A reverse sex

  Reverse thinking is an important characteristic of reverse thinking, but also the starting point of reverse thinking, reverse thinking does not exist without it.

  B abnormality

  Reverse thinking always takes a special way to solve the problem, which is its abnormality.

  C "Paradox"

  The existence of backwardness and abnormality makes the reverse thinking in practice often give people the characteristic of "paradox". Newton's physics, relativity and quantum mechanics, which contains the concept of the coexistence of opposites and the interaction of reverse thinking.

  (3) Categories

  A Reverse Thinking

  It is common to question a commonly accepted belief or practice and then look at what its opposite is. If the opposite is justified, then proceed in the direction of the opposite.

  Reverse thinking can be done in the following situations: first, when you consider doing something opposite; second, when you consider taking something with its opposite; third, if you realize that someone else is wrong and you are right, but you still think there is something to be said for the other person's wrong view.

  B Janus-type thinking

  Conceiving or introducing positive and negative aspects of things in one's brain and making them co-exist in the brain at the same time, considering the relationship between them, similarities, positive and negative, interactions, etc., and then creating new things. This two-sided thinking is quite tough because it requires a brain skill of keeping two opposites existing side by side in your brain.

  C Hegelian thinking

  Take one idea, accommodate its opposite, and then try to fuse the two into a third idea, i.e., into a new, independent idea. This dialectical process requires three successive steps: the thesis, the antithesis, and the merging.

  (4) Methods

  A Skeptical Method

  The stronger the spirit of skepticism, of breaking the habit, of thinking the other way, the better. Habitual practices are not always right, and a skeptical mind about everything is necessary for contrarian thinking.

  B opposites complement each other method

  The goal is to grasp the unity of opposites in the object of thinking. It requires people to see both the differences between things and the complementarity between things due to the existence of differences when dealing with problems.

  C Paradoxical method

  It is to actively think about a concept, a hypothesis or a doctrine from both sides in order to find the paradoxes in it.

  D Critical Approach

  The critical method is to argue, judge, and analyze statements and behaviors in order to see the right reasons. The critical approach to counterfactual thinking still requires general thinking skills such as comparison, classification, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, and generalization.

  E Counterfactual method

  The mental activity of mentally negating events that have already occurred and characterizing the results that could have occurred but actually did not is an important feature of human consciousness. This is counterfactual thinking. There are three main types: additive, subtractive, and alternative.

  Inspirational thinking

  (1) Connotation

  Inspirational intuitive thinking activity is essentially a kind of subconscious and explicit consciousness and the interaction between the interplay, coherence between the rational thinking cognitive holistic creative process.

  Inspired intuitive thinking as an advanced form of complex creative thinking rational activity, it is not a simple logical or illogical one-way thinking movement, but a logical and non-logical unity of the rational thinking process as a whole.

  (2) Characteristics

  A suddenness and ambiguity

  Since it is not formed by simply following the conventional logical process in the field of apparent consciousness, the procedures, rules, and elements and processes of intuitive thinking are not clearly realized by the self-consciousness, but are ambiguous and "unspoken".

  B Originality

  Originality is a necessary characteristic that defines inspired thinking. Without originality, it cannot be called inspired thinking.

  C non-self-consciousness

  Other thinking activities, are a conscious thinking activities, inspiration intuitive thinking of the salience, necessarily bring its non-consciousness.

  D thinking flexible activity of imagery

  In the process of inspirational intuitive thinking activity, the subconscious field or the manifest field of consciousness is always accompanied by the presence of imagery movement of thinking. Without the suggestion and enlightenment of imagery, there is no epiphany of thinking.

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