Repeat observation method-woodmam

It is essential to record new and fleeting phenomena in time, a simple and easy method that can help the observer accumulate much valuable information without even realising it. Many scientific observers have done so. The great writer Guo Moruo had such a habit of recording, as he once described in Across the Eastern Sea: "I slept in bed and put a copybook on my pillow, and as soon as I had a poetic moment, I immediately took a pencil to record it, and actually recorded it into a collection."

  When accumulating observations, it is important to keep a timely and comprehensive record of observations; posthumous notes after a longer interval are often incomplete and can easily be missed. Records should be kept strictly in accordance with the figures required, and should never be vague or unclear in concept.

  Observation accumulation method of observation is more meticulous and has an extremely important role in accumulating observation data, revealing the essence of things, and exploring the laws of development of things.

  (11) Keep improving - repeat the observation method

  In a 100-metre race at a sports day, two athletes crossed the line almost simultaneously and the referee's stopwatch was fixed at the same position. But, as a rule, there are no tied winners in track events, and they cannot be allowed to re-race to determine the winner. How could we find out who was the winner?

  By repeatedly watching the television footage at the end of the race, they finally decided on a winner: one athlete's chest protruded an inch further than the other's at the moment of crossing the line, which was 0.01 seconds faster. So this athlete became the winner.

  Repeated observations often reveal the real facts. In science, scientific theories are formed on the basis of experiments, and these experiments must be repeatable. Soon after Ting discovered the J particle, another American, German and Italian scientist discovered the same phenomenon before it was widely recognised. To prove a theory or a phenomenon, it is not enough to rely on one person's observations alone, but requires the involvement of many repeated observations.

  The method of repeated observation is a way of making observations of the same thing or phenomenon, again or several times. There are many phenomena in nature that appear so quickly that the observer cannot keep up with them and has to repeat the observation in order to grasp their substance. In addition, the characteristics and cycles of development of some things also dictate that observations must be repeated.

  "The road is far away, the day is long." Whether we are looking at people or studying things, we must observe them over time and repeatedly in order to avoid jumping to premature conclusions, creating one-sided impressions and forming prejudices. If evidence is not taken and falsehoods are passed on, you will only get further and further away from the truth.

  Repeated observations are meant to reveal the essential laws of things and events in a more profound and comprehensive way, and are not simple, mechanical repetitions. In the process of repeating observations, correct as many previous fallacies as possible, eliminate all possible interfering factors, and keep improving in order to keep making progress, keep getting closer to the truth, and keep getting closer to the truth.

  (12) Diligent thinking - the observation diary method

  The world-famous biologist Darwin had outstanding powers of observation from an early age, and this was because his uncle often encouraged him to keep a diary of his observations. At that time, Darwin had already made some simple records of the specimens he had collected, some with simple illustrations, but his uncle said to him, "It is not enough just to make extracts, think of yourself as a painter, but not with colours and lines, but with words. When you describe a flower, a butterfly, a moss, you must make it possible for someone to recognise it immediately from your description. In order to do good scientific research, you must further your ability to express yourself in words, to paint the world, to narrate history, to impress people with words like Shakespeare."

  The most basic requirement for keeping an observation diary is to have words that are meaningful and orderly. By saying something, I mean that the observation diary should have accurate and reliable facts; by saying something in an orderly manner, I mean that the record should be both comprehensive and clearly organised in terms of priorities.

  The purpose of observation also requires us to take diligent notes when observing to ensure that we have more reliable first-hand information. Keeping a diligent observation diary is conducive to accumulating observation information and also improves written expression skills and develops an interest in observation and writing. Keeping an observation diary is an activity that requires the brain to think efficiently, which helps to focus attention and think deeply, and over time, one develops the good habit of being both diligent and good at learning. If a person develops the habit of keeping an observation diary from the time he or she is a teenager, he or she will find, over time, that he or she has the most valuable asset of his or her life.

  (13) Eyes to see, ears to hear - the sensory training method

  Mrs Stirner, a professor of linguistics at the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania, took great care to educate her daughter and began training her attention from an early age. She used to play a game with her daughter called "watchful eyes". Whenever she passed a shop door, she would ask her daughter which items were in the shop window and ask her to count the items that remained in her memory. The more she can name, the higher the score. The training worked: when she was five years old, she amazed her professors at Shorttka University in New York by reciting "The War of the Republic" once and repeating it word for word. Mrs. Sterna said, "I did this so that she would pay attention to things and develop the habit of observing things keenly."

  Conscious training of the various sense organs does improve their perceptive abilities and makes them competent. According to the chapter of the classical Chinese scripture collection Liezi - Tangwen.

  During the Warring States period, a young man named Ji Chang learnt archery from Fei Wei as his teacher. Fei Wei was so skilled at archery that he told Ji Chang, "You need to practice your eyesight before you can talk about archery." Ji Chang returned home, caught a louse, tied it to a cow's tail hair, hung it from the window and stared at it every day with his eyes facing south.

  After ten days or so, the louse looked bigger to his eyes; three years later, it was as big as a wheel. And when he looked at everything else, it was as big as a hill. In the future, Ji Chang shot arrows and hit every shot.

  There is great scope for the development of all the senses. To train the senses, the main thing is to train the ears and improve the ability to see and hear, "the eyes see six ways, the ears hear eight directions."    

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