Logical thinking-woodmam

It is the use of a comprehensive point of view to examine the object of thinking a method of view, that is, from the spatio-temporal overall comprehensive examination of the horizontal links and vertical development process of the object of thinking. In other words, is the object of thinking for a multi-faceted, multi-angle, multi-faceted, multi-directional examination of a viewpoint approach.

  Logical thinking

  (1) Concept

  Logical thinking is a way of thinking that conforms to some artificial rules and forms of thinking, we say that logical thinking mainly refers to follow the traditional formal logic rules of thinking. It is often called "abstract thinking" or "thinking with eyes closed".

  Logical thinking is a rational activity of the human brain, thinking subject to the stage of perceptual awareness of the information material obtained for the understanding of things abstracted into concepts, the use of concepts for judgment, and according to certain logical relationships for reasoning, so as to produce new understanding. Logical thinking has the characteristics of standardization, rigor, certainty and repeatability.

  (2) Characteristics

  The characteristics of the concept: connotation and extension.

  The characteristics of judgment: First, judgment must determine things; second, judgment always true or false.

  The logical feature of deductive reasoning is that if the premise is true, then the conclusion must be true, which is inevitable reasoning; the logical feature of non-deductive reasoning is that although the premise is true, the conclusion is not guaranteed to be true, which is contingent reasoning.

  (3) Method

  A Definition

  It is a logical way to reveal the connotation of a concept. It is the use of simple words to reveal the unique and essential properties of the object reflected by the concept. The basic method of definition is the concept of "species difference" plus the nearest "genus". The rules of definition: First, the definition concept and the defined concept have the same extension; second, the definition cannot use negative form; third, the definition cannot use metaphor; fourth, the definition cannot be circular.

  B Division

  It is a logical method to clarify all the extensions of a concept, which is to divide the concept of "genus" into several concepts according to certain criteria. The logical rules of division are: first, the sum of the extents of the children is equal to the extents of the parent; second, there can be only one criterion for a division process; third, all the subdivisions must be listed; fourth, the division must be carried out in a hierarchical manner according to the genus relationship, and cannot be crossed.

  Divergent thinking

  (1) concept

  Divergent thinking refers to the brain in thinking presents a diffuse state of thinking mode, more common, it is manifested as a broad thinking horizon, thinking presents a multi-dimensional divergent shape.

  Divergent thinking is also known as radiation thinking, radiation thinking, diffusion thinking or divergent thinking.

  (2) characteristics

  A fluency

  It is the free play of ideas. It means generating and expressing as many ideas as possible in as short a time as possible, as well as adapting and digesting new ideas relatively quickly. Resourcefulness and fluency are closely related.

  Fluency reflects the speed and quantity of divergent thinking.

  B Variability

  It is the process of overcoming a rigid framework of thinking set up by people in their minds and thinking in a new direction.

  Variability requires the use of horizontal analogies, cross-domain transformation, touch, so that divergent thinking along the different aspects and directions of diffusion, showing a very rich diversity and multifaceted.

  C uniqueness

  This refers to the ability of people to make unusual and novel responses in divergent thinking. Uniqueness is the highest goal of divergent thinking.

  D Multisensory

  Divergent thinking uses not only visual and auditory thinking, but also makes full use of other senses to receive and process information. Divergent thinking is also closely related to emotion. If the thinker can find ways to stimulate interest, generate passion, emotionalize the information and give it an emotional color, it will increase the speed and effectiveness of divergent thinking.

  (3) Methods

  A general method

  Material dispersion method - take as many "materials" as possible of an item, use it as a dispersion point, and imagine its multiple uses.

  Function dispersion method - from the function of something, conceive various possibilities to obtain the function.

  Structure dispersion method - Taking the structure of something as a dispersion point, we can imagine various possibilities of using the structure.

  Morphological dispersion method - Taking the form of something as a dispersion point, conceive various possibilities of using a certain form.

  Combinatorial divergence method - Take something as a divergence point and combine it with other things as much as possible to form new things.

  Method dispersion method - taking a certain method as a dispersion point, imagine various possibilities of using the method.

  Causal divergence method - Taking the result of something as the divergence point, we speculate on the various causes of the result, or the various possible results from the cause.

  B hypothetical speculation method

  The hypothetical questions, whether arbitrarily chosen or limited, should involve the opposite of the truth, objects and states of affairs that are temporarily impossible or do not exist in reality.

  It does not matter that most of the ideas derived from the hypothetical approach may be unrealistic, absurd, or unworkable, but what matters is that some of them can become reasonable and useful ideas after conversion.

  C Collective divergent thinking

  Divergent thinking requires not only using all of our own brains, but sometimes also the unlimited resources around us to pool our ideas. Collective divergent thinking can take different forms, such as what we often jokingly call the "Zhuge Liang meeting.

  Image thinking

  (1) Concept

  Image thinking refers to the specific image or image as the content of the thinking form, is a human instinctive thinking, people will be born to think in an image way to consider the problem.

  The logical mechanism inherent in figurative thinking is the analogy between image ideas. Abstract thinking is to express individual things with general properties, while image thinking is to express the essence of things through a unique and individual special image. Therefore, the image concept as the logical starting point of image thinking, its connotation is embedded in the specific image of the essence of a certain class of things.

  (2) Role

  Image thinking is an important form of thinking to reflect and understand the world, is a powerful tool to train people, education, in scientific research, scientists in addition to the use of abstract thinking, but also often use image thinking. In the business operation, highly developed image thinking is an important condition indispensable for entrepreneurs to win in the fierce and complex market competition. Top managers leave the image information, leaving the image thinking, he may get information is only indirect, outdated or even inaccurate, and therefore it is difficult to make the right decision.

  (3) Characteristics

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