Follow the laws of perception-woodmam

The method of observation should be considered in advance for the different objects and purposes of observation. Sometimes, several methods need to be used in conjunction.

  (5) Try to involve more sensory organs in observation

  Observing anything requires the synergy of the different senses in order to receive good results.

  Vision is undoubtedly important in observation activities, but the eyes are not the only sense organ. We should engage all the senses of the body when recognising and observing things. For example, to get to know a fruit, apart from using the eyes to observe its external shape, colour and texture, you can also use your hands to feel its surface, cut it open to see what it looks like inside and the texture of the flesh, taste it, smell it with your nose, and so on. In this way, you can gain a deeper understanding of the object from all sides.

  (6) Follow the laws of perception

  Perception is the first step in understanding things. Perception is the first step to understanding, and there are rules of perception that should be followed.

  The object of observation must reach a certain intensity in order to be observed clearly and accurately. Therefore, before observing, steps should be taken to increase the intensity of things that have the potential to increase their intensity. For example, if you are observing a human muscle, you will see it most clearly when it is tense; if you are observing the characteristics of steam, the kettle must be full of water to a certain extent for the effect to be good.

  The greater the contrast between the object being observed and the background, the better the observation effect. Therefore, try to increase the difference between the observed object and the background. For example, if you observe the form and colour of an insect, you will get better results if you put it on a paper with a high contrast.

  Two significantly different or even opposing things are easy to observe, and thus it is good to put materials with contrasting meanings together in observation. For example, two different fruits compared together often form a deeper impression.

  Objects in motion tend to attract attention, and situations in motion are different from those at rest. Therefore, to observe something, it is important to look at both the static situation and the situation in motion. If you observe a person, for example, you should combine the stationary state with the active state.

  By combining related things and observing them together, you can grasp both the overall situation and the specific situation.

  2. Specific ways to improve your powers of observation

  (1) Deep thought and intention - the planned observation method

  One day. Argentina, Germany.

  Forty psychologists were having a meeting when suddenly a man rushed into the meeting room and was followed by a black man with a short gun. The tense scene lasted only 20 seconds.

  The presiding officer then asked the psychologists present to immediately write down their accounts of what they had just witnessed. Out of 40 reports, 36 people did not realise that the black man was bald!

  Psychologists are generally supposed to be more observant and even more precise. But why, on this occasion, did so many miss the mark in their observations?

  This is because the psychologists were not prepared for the event, it happened so suddenly that they did not have a clear purpose for their observations, nor did they have any plan for them, so they were "blind" to the important fact that the black man was bald. This fact shows that in order to make an effective observation, it is necessary to have a clear purpose and a plan.

  Good observation skills begin with a sense of purpose and planning, as Beveridge, Professor of Animal Pathology at Cambridge University, says: "Developing the habit of looking at things in an active and inquisitive manner helps the development of observation skills. It is more important to develop good observational habits in research than to have a great deal of academic knowledge." Before observing something, it is important to define the purpose of the observation, plan it according to that purpose, and then proceed step by step in a systematic way so that no useful material is missed.

  Different observers choose different perspectives and plans for the same object based on different footholds. Both Wen Kehe and Zheng Banqiao are known for their bamboo paintings. But the two observed bamboo very differently.

  Wen Kehe used to grow all kinds of bamboo around his house, observing and comparing the different postures of different bamboos and the same bamboo throughout the year, thus gaining a thorough understanding of the state of various bamboos in different seasons, and when he put his brush to paint, he was naturally 'ready'.

  When Zheng Banqiao observed the bamboo, it was a different story. "In the morning, when I look at the bamboo, the smoke and sunlight, the dew, all floating in the sparse branches and dense leaves, my chest is vigorous, so I have a picture, in fact, the chest of bamboo, and not the eyes of the bamboo." Zheng Banqiao chose to observe bamboo in the morning at a specific time of day, and his feelings about bamboo are naturally different from those of Wen Ke and his "bamboo in his eyes" is actually a typical "bamboo in his chest".

  No matter what angle you choose, you have to make a corresponding observation plan according to your observation purpose, so that you can achieve a more satisfactory effect and at the same time cultivate good observation quality.

  (2) Peony at Noon - Focus on the objective method

  In his book "Mengxi Pendian", Shen Kuo, a scientist of the Song Dynasty, recorded the following story.

  Ouyang Xiu was given an ancient painting showing a graceful and luxurious peony bush with a cat under it. Ouyang Xiu couldn't see anything, but his in-laws, Wu Yu, took a look at it and told the story: "The flower is dry and dull, so it is a mid-day flower. The cat's eye is as dark as a thread, and this is also the cat's eye at noon." When Ouyang Xiu heard this, he was deeply impressed. If Wu Yu had not been a careful observer of objective things, he could not have deduced from the colour and shape of the flower and the state of the cat's eye that the ancient painting depicted a peony at noon.

  Good observation is based on objective reality. The purpose of observation is to provide a factual basis for analysing information and for abstraction, so observation must be objective. If observations are reflected subjectively based on past experience, experience and knowledge alone, they often lead to wrong conclusions.

  Since the rise of experimental science in modern times, a strong tradition has developed that any scientific theory must be based on experiment. This also reflects the high value placed on objectivity. Leonardo da Vinci once said, "Science is useless and full of fallacies if it does not arise from experiment and end in a clear experiment, for experiment is the mother of certainty." To achieve certainty, we must first focus on objectivity.

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