Correction mnemonics-woodmam

Related experiments have demonstrated that the five things that decentralized review is superior to focused review are, in order: general material, piano practice, historical and economic knowledge, long non-poetic material, and general texts.

  Moderate over-repetition of important content

  Over-repetition is the continued repetition of recall or repetition (repetition of cognition) when literacy of a material has reached minimum familiarity. In the case of warfare, mnemonics or codes used by the military and other important information that can only be memorized by the brain, users often use over-repetition in order to memorize them.

  The optimal number of over-repeats varies from person to person, and from one person to another depending on the complexity of the information and its familiarity. Although 200% of overload can increase retention, it takes much more time than 150% of overload. Usually, 150% is the best choice.


  Memorization can make the memory lasting, so that the object being memorized by instantaneous and short-term memory into long-term memory, extending the retention time of information in the brain. Recitation a "stitch in time", mobile and flexible, each time do not need more, one or two minutes can be; secondly, to inject enthusiasm and interest, not into the "mouth without heart" mechanical movement.

  Mechanical repetition

  When some information to be remembered does not have any connection with the original experience in the brain and cannot think of a way to make the connection, the only effective way to remember them is the mechanical memory of repetition. A 34-year-old Englishman who won the first world memory competition in London in 1991 reportedly used mechanical and pictorial memory to memorize the order of a deck of cards in only 2 minutes and 29 seconds. And he considered himself to have exercised this ability.

  (21) Mnemonic method of error correction

  "A lesson learned is a lesson learned." The memories caused by mistakes are impressive, and in some cases, last a lifetime. Mistakes themselves are not worth remembering, but because they produce errors, they instead create a deep impression of what is correct.

  Nowadays, there are error correction questions on exams in languages, foreign languages, and mathematics, which are attempts to use error correction to enhance students' memory of correct knowledge.

  There are three situations of error correction: one is to correct one's own memory errors or behaviors; the other is to correct others' unconsciously ingrained memory errors or behaviors; and the third is to correct others' intentionally set memory errors or behaviors.

  A university student misread Lu Xun's "death" as "folded" during a speech, causing laughter and earning him the derogatory nickname "folded". After this incident, he was determined to improve his language skills and soon made a remarkable development, and his classmates removed the nickname "Folded" for him. So it seems that by correcting mistakes and remembering the correct knowledge information, you are compensating for your mistakes.

  People's memory has a preconception of the stereotype, "Young people leave home and return to the oldest, the native voice has not changed sideburns." Although living in a different place for a long time, it is difficult to forget the hometown voice of young people. In other words, once the wrong information is persistently maintained in the brain, it will inhibit the newly recognized correct information due to its stable presence, making it difficult to take root in the brain and replace the wrong information. That is why Bartlett, a professor of psychology at Cambridge University in England, said, "The single best measure of intellectual skill may be a test of the speed with which fallacies are rejected."

  Experienced teachers deliberately sell themselves short in the classroom on the essentials, the key points, such as deliberately writing "冫" for "冫" as "氵", "氵" for "纸 The "s" of "paper" is written as "氐", and the "has" is written as "己" to Let students correct their mistakes. These mistakes, corrected by the reproduction of correct information and attention, will be impressed by the students to remember.

  One language teacher, when teaching a language, deliberately misread two or three parts of a text and asked students to criticize and correct them. The next day, the students tried to recall the text, and the results proved that the students remembered most clearly the parts that were read wrong and corrected. It has been proven that correcting mistakes when teaching, giving corrective questions on tests or games, summarizing lessons learned at work, and finding gaps after competitions are very beneficial for perceiving and recalling correct knowledge, information and experiences.

  Many variety shows now have a variety of topics with prizes for correction, attracting many viewers, such as CCTV's "Zhengda Variety" program, it often invites guests to judge the truth of the issue, educational and entertaining, and most of the guests involved are also excited.

  (22) Will influence memory method

  Without a clear goal and a certain amount of pressure to mobilize the subjective initiative of the memorizer, people's potential memory will not be able to give full play to it. A good way to exert pressure on oneself is to give oneself a time limit for completing a certain memory task, and with the pressure of the time limit, the memorizer's spirit can be invigorated to get better memory results.

  According to the newspaper, the Second World War, the American soldiers airborne in Germany before the surprise training to speak German is particularly good, the reason lies in the pressure, because people who do not speak German airborne immediately after the Germans will be recognized, it is likely to be captured, so they are very attentive to training before the war, the result of all the people learned.

  Many of the students to be recruited for examinations in large restaurants were able to memorize the meal ordered by each guest without having to write a list, and when the guests left they were able to quickly forget what they had memorized and go full steam ahead to serve the newly seated guests.

  This shows that it is the will that makes them remember, and it is also the will that makes them scrub away what they remember. In other words, if you have the will to remember them, you will remember them; only if you have the will to forget them, you will quickly make them disappear from your brain.

  Most accomplished people have the determination to remember information before they remember it, form a strong intention that they must remember them, pay extra attention, and create effective methods suitable for themselves to remember them pleasantly and actively, and use them from time to time. This is what Professor Minamihiro of Japan and the Austrian psychologist Freud did.

  Most of the good memory effects appear after the increase of self-confidence and a cheerful and happy mood. Meditating on words like "The only difference between a genius and me is that he knows how to use his brain's memory potential more" and "I can also use my brain's memory potential more" can help improve your memory. This is a good way to improve your mental image and overcome mental barriers.

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